• Causes and Treatment methods for COPD patients

    Many people make drastic lifestyle changes after receiving a health scare. It works well if you make these amends when the time is right, but if you start changing unhealthy habits in the niche of time, the chances are high that the damage is already done and is quite difficult to reverse. One such ailment that builds over a period of time, and sudden lifestyle changes cannot control is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

    What is COPD?
    COPD is a disease that affects the lungs and the respiratory functions. When the lungs are affected, it affects ones’ ability to breathe. People who suffer from COPD have chronic lung problems and experience trouble breathing. The treatment of COPD patients is a prolonged one, and these treatment methods allow the patients to attempt to lead a normal life.

    What are the causes of COPD?
    COPD is an outcome of one’s blatant abuse of the body. The foundation of this disease is laid when the lungs are damaged due to smoking. Even passive smokers aren’t safe from the onslaught of COPD. COPD is a combination of two disease- Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema, the former is characterized by the inflammation of the bronchial tubes and the presence of mucus; whereas, the latter affects the air sacs and affect its elasticity. The misery of both these diseases combined gives rise to COPD.

    What are the treatment options for COPD patients?
    COPD cannot be cured overnight, and the treatment methods for COPD patients is a prolonged one. The following treatment methods are used for COPD patients-

    • Medications– The pain experienced by COPD patients is excruciating, so to ease this pain and control COPD, the physician prescribes certain medications. Of all the pain-relieving medications and the ones to clear the lungs, bronchodilators have proven to be quite effective. As a treatment for COPD, glucocorticosteroids is also prescribed. This is to reduce the inflammation.
    • Oxygen Therapy- Since COPD patients have trouble breathing due to the damage to their lungs, Oxygen therapy has proven to be a useful treatment method for COPD patients. This is also done in a bid to prevent a heart failure resulting due to a lack of oxygen in one’s body.
    • Lifestyle Changes– Since COPD is largely a result of a faulty lifestyle, which involves smoking and the use of tobacco, one needs to make amends to these. Quitting smoking, following a healthy diet, and seeking the right professional help is also a kind of treatment for COPD patients.
    • Surgery– Surgery is a treatment option for patients with chronic COPD. One such treatment for COPD patients is bullectomy, where the surgeons remove large damaged air sacs from the lungs, and the other surgery involves lung volume reduction to get rid of the damaged lung tissue. Surgery is the last resort for treating COPD patients.
  • All You Need to Know About Tingling Feet

    Do you often wake up with a tingling sensation in the feet?
    A tingling sensation generally refers to a sensory loss in any body part. It is vital not to ignore this warning signal as tingling in the feet could indicate nerve damage.

    Causes of a tingling sensation in the feet
    A tingling sensation in the feet can sometimes be temporary and harmless or could be the result of pressure on the nerves or incorrect posture. However, this “pins and needles” effect on your feet is usually painless, and you can dismiss it as soon as you relieve the pressure which causes it.

    On the other hand, continuous tingling sensations in your extremities, especially the feet, can be the sign of a disease; in fact, it can be severe, episodic, or chronic. Other symptoms such as pain, prickling, burning, electric shocks, itching or numbness can accompany the tingling sensation. In such cases, it is vital to not to take it lightly since it can be a sign of nerve damage, systemic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, kidney disorder, liver disease, hormonal imbalance or a connective tissue disorder. Sometimes, some severe infection, autoimmune disease, nerve compression caused by a herniated disc, dislocated bone or vitamin deficiency can cause this symptom.

    Diagnosis

    It is advisable to take instant medical advice for persistent tingling sensation in the feet or hands or both. The sooner the doctor identifies the primary cause of this symptom, the sooner it can be treated. You are also less likely to suffer any permanent damage.

    Medical experts carry out a physical examination and then conduct extensive blood tests to identify the cause. Other tests that are usually carried out are:

    • Electromyogram commonly referred to as EMG, which tests the electrical activity of the muscle
    • Nerve conduction test
    • Computed tomography (CT) scan
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

    Treatments
    Successful treatments for a tingling sensation in feet depends on getting an accurate diagnosis of the underlying cause. If the nerve cells are not damaged, then the tingling will subside over a period of time as the cells are capable of regeneration. If diabetes is the cause for this, then you can control your blood sugar levels through lifestyle changes. Thus, the progression of diabetic neuropathy can slow down significantly. Doctors recommend vitamin supplements to patients who experience this symptom because of vitamin deficiency.
    Additionally, it is vital to follow a healthy lifestyle, eat a balanced diet, abstain from smoking and alcohol consumption. Patients can walk and exercise regularly to avoid such sensations.

  • What are 7 days gluten free diet plans?

    The 7 days gluten free diet plans specially designed by culinary experts and nutritionists are known to offer nutritionally balanced and delicious gluten-free meals at 5 different calorie levels. These 5-calorie levels include 1200, 1400, 1600, 1800, and 2000 calories. The gluten free recipes do not include food products like barley, wheat, oats, and rye. In the meal plan are included some gluten-free products like cookies, pasta, and breads.

    Gluten Free-Diet Plan
    The 7 days gluten free diet plans for different calorie levels vary. For example, for the 1200-calorie level, the 7-Day Gluten Free Meal Plan that must be followed is as follows:
    You can have a quick breakfast such as taco, 1 medium orange, 1 cup skimmed milk on the first day, and 1 cup of honeydew melon can be eaten as the morning snack. For lunch you should eat a tossed salad (mix 1 cup with oil salad dressing and vinegar), sliced tomatoes, 1 cup skim milk, and 3 ounces cooked chicken breast without skin. For afternoon snack, it is best to have fresh baby carrots.

    Gluten Free Food for Dinner
    The last meal of the day, dinner, is also very important and you can have bistro beef tenderloin, half cup cooked brown rice, 1 medium nectarine, and half cup steamed green beans. All these food items are healthy gluten-free products that are scientifically proven as healthy foods. Including gluten-free foods in your diet is an excellent way to achieve the goal of weight loss. You can kick start your healthy regime with scientifically and nutritionally balanced breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Some of the snack time and breakfast time gluten-free foods that can be relished include gluten-free lemon buddies, homemade original chex cereal, and gluten-free chili chocolate bars.

    Meal Planning
    It is difficult and challenging at times to plan a meal, especially when you need to follow a diet that is free from gluten. You can try out the 7 days gluten-free meal plans with simple gluten-free recipes available online. Starting with Sunday, the items that can be included for breakfast are yogurt parfait to go, flax and apple raisin oatmeal, creamy green smoothie with a hint of mint, sweet potato pancakes, egg and spinach bowls, gluten-free blueberry pancakes, and pomegranate banana ginger blast.

    Delicious Gluten Free meals
    These delicious and comprehensive meal plans designed for 7 days of a week are mouth-watering and very healthy to eat. Many different types of food items can be prepared with gluten-free ingredients and the recipes of gluten free meals are available online and even in recipe books. The gluten free diet is very useful and is included in the diet for treating celiac disease. You can enjoy these delicious meals that are free of gluten in restaurants also, if they have a gluten free menu. You can make use of the 7 days gluten free diet plans even for children with gluten intolerance, to help them fight celiac disease. The items that can be included for children are gluten free mini cherry crisps and gluten free honey nut vanilla parfait.

  • Know the Causes of Middle Back Pain

    The middle back region of our body consists of several vertebrae, ligaments, muscles and more importantly, 12 spinal disks. Any irritation or damage to these structures will lead to middle back pain. There are a number of middle back pain causes. Let’s have a closer look at them.

    Arthritis
    Arthritis is one of the main middle back pain causes. There are several types of arthritis and some of them can affect your back. One such type of arthritis is ankylosing spondylitis. Pain and stiffness are two of its major symptoms. After a certain period of time, it can cause your vertebrae to fuse together and this might have a serious impact on your posture and mobility.

    Fractured vertebrae
    Fractured vertebrae are also one of the main middle back pain causes. As a result of a sports injury or a car crash, there can be a fractured bone in the vertebrae, which leads to middle back pain. If your spine deteriorates at a rapid pace due to osteoarthritis, it can cause a fractured vertebra.

    Herniated disks
    The shock-absorbing cushions of the body are the disks located between the vertebrae. These disks are filled with liquid and can get ruptured. This rupture of the disks is known as a herniated disk, ruptured disk, or slipped disk. It can put pressure on the surrounding nerves, thereby causing pain in the middle back portion of the body.

    Kidney problems
    Kidney problems can also be one of the middle back pain causes. Kidneys are located just underneath and on either side of the spine. Some of the common reasons for kidney pains are infections and stones. The symptoms of kidney problems include:

    • Difficulty while urinating
    • Pain while urinating
    • Nausea or vomiting

    Lifestyle
    Your lifestyle also plays a major role in causing middle back pain. If you are not someone who exercises regularly, then you will have weak muscles. That is why having a physically active lifestyle can really help you to avoid this pain. Also, people with wrong lifting techniques can face this problem.

    Aging
    Back pain is a normal condition for individuals above the age of 30. However, middle back pain can happen to people of any age group due to reduced muscle mass, thinning of bones, and lack of fluid between spinal joints.

    So, these are some of the causes of middle back pain. If you are experiencing this pain as well, then you should consult a doctor without a delay.

  • Common Symptoms and Home Remedies for Flu

    Flu or influenza is a viral infection caused due to the influenza virus. It is a respiratory problem and can be contagious. When a person with flu coughs or sneezes, the infection can spread through respiratory droplets. One must be very careful if anyone in the family has flu. Taking since close contact makes it easier for the virus to spread. the right medication is the best way to treat any kind of flu. There are various flu symptoms and remedies that should be known to get the proper and right treatment. Read on to know more about flu symptoms and home remedies.

    Symptoms of flu
    Here are some of the most common symptoms of flu.

    • Sore throat, blocked or runny nose, and cough
    • High body temperature
    • Shivers and sweat
    • Joint pain
    • Headache
    • Fatigue

    Home remedies and treatments for flu
    When the symptoms have been identified, it becomes easier to start an effective treatment. When one is infected by the influenza virus, it takes at least two days for the symptoms to show up. So, early diagnosis can be quite difficult. Here are some of the common ways to treat flu.

    • Rest is one of the most important things to do when one has flu. It is important to keep oneself warm and take some rest. This helps to relax the body. It is also important to minimise social contact as flu is contagious.
    • IDrink plenty of water especially when flu is accompanied by diarrhea and vomit. In such cases, the body becomes easily dehydrated; so it is necessary to remain hydrated. Along with this, it is also helpful in flushing out all the viral toxins from the body.
    • It is useful to have to a liquid diet when one has flu. Chicken soup is the best choice as it helps in keeping the warm and also speed up the recovery process.
    • Consult a doctor to get started on with antiviral medication, which will help in getting faster relief and alleviating the various symptoms of the flu.
    • Make sure that the doctor prescribes medications to treat aches and high fever as well.

    Now, that you know the various common symptoms of flu and how to treat it with home remedies and doctor-prescribed treatments, remedies, it is going to be easier to manage the illness. Ensure to remain covered during the flu season.

  • Here’s what you must know about age-specific PSA levels

    Prostate-specific antigen or PSA is a glycoprotein that is produced in the prostate gland to retain the liquid form of the seminal fluid and aid sperm movement. While PSA typically stays in the prostate ducts, a small portion may leak into the bloodstream; this allows experts to detect prostate diseases such as cancer. Since several factors affect PSA levels, doctors can utilize factors like age and conduct age-specific PSA levels to determine if further screening for cancer must be conducted. This method was devised a few decades ago to estimate abnormal PSA levels and correlate it with age-specific ranges.

    Since prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancers to affect men, it became essential to detect prostate abnormalities proactively. Most experts conduct age-specific PSA levels tests along with a digital rectal exam to determine the presence of cancer. This is especially beneficial in men over the age of 50 who may be at the highest risk of developing prostate diseases. In an age-specific PSA levels examination, the result of 4 nanogram/milliliter (ng/ml) of blood is considered to be abnormal. Patients with these results must be prompt to get additional screenings done at the right time. While escalated PSA levels are abnormal and indicate prostate cancer, chances are that a man with PSA levels below 4ng/ml may have prostate cancer. PSA levels are known to vary throughout the course of a man’s life; therefore, age-specific PSA levels have various reference points for all age groups. According to these reference levels, a PSA level that is greater than 2.5 ng/ml is abnormal for men up to the age of 49. Similarly, for men between the ages of 50 and 59, the PSA levels that are greater than or equal to 3.5 ng/ml may indicate cancer. Men who are 60 or older should, therefore, be tested for cancer if their PSA levels are equal to or greater than 4 ng/ml.

    Since prostate cancer, quite like other cancer types, do not show apparent symptoms in its infancy, an age-related PSA level test can increase the chances of detecting cancer in younger men. The method is highly effective in successful cancer diagnosis and treatment. Many experts suggest that the invention of an age-specific PSA level has dramatically lowered the occurrence of advanced stage cancer. While the age-specific PSA testing proves helpful in nipping the problem at the bud, several other reference ranges of PSA may also prove fruitful. Apart from age, for instance, certain races, ethnicities, and geographical differences may be susceptible to prostate cancer. Since relying only on an isolated age-specific PSA level reference may not be appropriate, several researchers are developing newer ways to effectively detect cancer based on underlying diseases, races, and lifestyles along with age groups.

  • Men too can suffer from breast cancer

    Anyone who has a breast tissue can develop breast cancer. However, not many even know that male breast cancer exists. Male breast cancer is a rare disease as women suffer from breast cancer the most, but it does occur in men too.
    Older men are more prone to male breast cancer but it can occur at any age. Just like most types of cancers, male breast cancer too can be cured if diagnosed at an early stage. But since it’s a rare disease, many people don’t take the symptoms seriously to get themselves checked.

    According to some statistics based on a study on cancer, nearly 2,470 cases of breast cancer in men are likely to get diagnosed by the end of 2017. This type of cancer carries a chance of one in one thousand among men in America.

    Similar to any other cancers, male breast cancer too has four stages where its curable up till the second stage and involves brain, lungs, liver, and bone by the fourth stage making the illness fatal.

    Breast size in men is smaller as compared to women and that makes it easy to diagnose cancer or tumor in male breasts, but the tumor can be confused with general stiffness of the chest. Men under 35 rarely suffer from breast cancer. It usually affects older men, but not always.

    There are certain risk factors of cancer in male breasts that include breast cancer in a close female relative, consuming estrogen, exposure to radiation in the chest area, liver disease (if severe can cause breast cancer), and testicle disease(s).

    The seriousness of breast cancer in men was thought to be higher as compared to breast cancer in women; however, it turned out to be the same in both cases. The only reason some considered it more fatal was because the symptoms of men breast cancer is not known or recognized easily. The hardness of the chest/breast in men makes it hard to recognize any dissimilar stiffness in case of tumor leading to ignorance towards the symptoms and reaching the later stage of male breast cancer.

    Mammogram; breast ultrasound; MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the breast; nipple discharge exam; biopsy: fine needle aspiration biopsy, core needle biopsy, surgical biopsy, lymph node biopsy, lymph node dissection, and sentinel lymph node biopsy are some of the exams done to examines and evaluate breast cancer or disease related to the breast.

  • The practice of mental health consultation

    A general definition of mental health includes our psychological, emotional, and social wellbeing. Basically, anything that affects the way we think, the way we feel, and the way we act is all part of our overall mental health. Studies on mental health and condition of a person also help determine how people handle stress, make the choices we make, the way we can relate to others, and more.

    The practice of mental health consultation is alternatively known as consulting psychology. There are a number of models of consulting psychology explained as follows:

    Generic consultation: This particular model has everything from the initial consolation, moving along to diagnosis and implementations, with a final conclusion after any and all disengagement from the consultation. In simple terms, a beginning, a middle, and conclusion for the type of consultation employed.

    Client centered: A more specific and planned approach, by dedicating time to one client as the name suggest for entry analysis, diagnosis, and implementation of strategy. General practitioners for this approach will include physicians, care providers, and licensed practitioners.

    Consultee centered: The main objective of consultees in this approach is to learn more about the subject matter, increase their knowledge base, skills, confidence, etc. via training and supervision on part of the practitioner.

    Other models of consultation include consultee-centered administrative, behavioral consultation, organizational consultation, and statistical consultation amongst many others.

    Reasons for mental health consultation:
    A number of signs of mental illness can be diagnosed with mental health consultation. These normally include anxiety disorders like social anxiety, generalized anxiety, panic disorder, and other types of phobias which can be studied and a targeted approach can be made for its treatment.

    Mood disorders which may be bipolar or depression; psychotic disorders which can be schizophrenia; eating disorders like bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, binge eating and more; impulse control disorders; substance abuse disorders; personality disorders like antisocial, paranoid, obsessive compulsive, and more.

    Others include post-traumatic stress disorders, dissociative disorders, sexual and gender disorders, stress response or adjustment disorders, and somatic symptom disorders to name a few.

    The treatment and therapy prescribed for the aforesaid disorders can help people cope with the symptoms and eventually find a way to treat the problem. Consultation will provide a clear diagnosis and will help prescribe the necessary course of action for the course of treatment recommended.

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  • Types of bedspreads and how to choose them

    Bedspreads are a decorative covering for the bed that are generally lightweight. These coverings can either be used by itself in warm weather or with a comforter in cold weather.

    Bedspreads are a great addition to beddings and can aesthetically raise the style quotient of your bedroom. Bought and used correctly, bedspreads can make a big difference to your quality of sleep.

    Bedspreads may look bulky and feel dense but are easy to wash and are pretty light. It can be sufficiently warm in a mild winter’s night and cool and comfortable on a warm night.

    Densely woven, the fabric of a bedspread is not easy to tear and the thick batting doesn’t allow it to get crumpled and ball up easily. These materials are very durable and can keep their shape for many years. Most bedspreads are machine-washable, but you’ll need to be mindful of the care instructions included in the packaging.

    A bedspread is very different from a coverlet in terms of its coverage. While a bedspread covers up the entire bed pillows included and reaches down till the floor, a coverlet is smaller and goes barely past the boxsprings.

    Bedspreads can come in many styles and varieties like rustic, candlewick, Indian, quilted, Scandinavian, beachstyle, Asian, Southwestern, Victorian, tropical and so on. The fill can be either cotton or polyester and come in sizes like California King, Full and Double, King, Queen and Ultra King.
    Some bedspreads also are reversible.

    Bedspreads should also not be confused with comforters. Comforters are more insulated and provide a warmer covering. A bedspread may offer some warmth but is not ideal on a cold night. It makes good sense to own both if you live in an area with varied seasons. A bedspread also offers a neater and better look to your bed because it drapes well better than a comforter which gives a billowy look to it.

    Buying a bedspread is not the easiest thing to do especially if you want to give your bedroom a completely different look. With varied designs, styles and materials available from many retailers and online stores and at different prices, it can be confusing and overwhelming. But don’t just head out to the nearest store or site to make this important purchase. Do it in January or August. Yes, you read that right. There is a best time to buy linens and that is in these two months. The White Sale Season in January sees heavy discounts in retails stores on towels and bedding. This is the best time to stock up on these essentials and get them at a very good price.

  • Treatment Options for a Baker’s Cyst

    A Baker’s cyst, or a popliteal cyst, is a health condition in which a fluid-filled swelling develops behind the knee, causing great discomfort and leading to compromised movements. The cyst causes pain during knee movements such as bending or extending the knee.

    Causes of a Baker’s cyst
    One of the main causes of a Baker’s cyst is excessive production of synovial fluid by the knees. This fluid exerts too much pressure on the back side of the knee and creates a lump there. Other common causes of Baker’s cyst include arthritis, inflammation in the knee joints, rheumatoid arthritis, and cartilage damage.

    Treatment of a Baker’s cyst
    Typically, a Baker’s cyst does not become a severe health issue and goes away in some time. However, in some cases, severe swelling and an intense underlying pain necessitate a medical help. A few of the treatment options for Baker’s cyst are listed below:

    • Removal of fluid
      In this treatment, a needle is used to remove the accumulated fluid in the knee joints. Typically, the correct location for piercing the needle is determined by an ultrasound.
    • Physical therapy
      Physical therapy is one of the easiest and still an effective treatment option for a Baker’s cyst. Regular gentle exercise schedule greatly helps as it strengthens and provides flexibility to the knee muscles. Other exercises such as yoga and walking provide stability and flexibility. This, in turn, helps in providing better support to the knee joint. Putting an ice pack on the affected area for 15-20 minutes will also help in reducing the swelling and underlying pain. You may also try compression bandage, which provides support to the knee joints.
    • Medications
      Generally, doctors prescribe corticosteroids such as cortisone to lessen the pain. The medications are injected into the knee joint, which then reaches the cyst. However, there are chances that the cyst may recur. In some cases, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications are also considered a treatment option for a Baker’s cyst as they help in reducing the pain and inflammation.
    • Surgery
      A surgery to remove the cyst is one of the last resorts. It is performed when the cyst causes a damage to the cartilage, or it is causing severe discomfort, or movements become extremely painful. In a surgery, the Baker’s cyst is either removed or repaired.

    Although there are multiple Baker’s cyst treatment options available, the best option can only be decided after analyzing the severity of the disease.

  • Tips to choose the best blinds

    Blinds have become an inevitable aspect of the modern homes. Since you come across different types of blinds, choosing one can become a daunting task. You may be familiar with such situation and the most suitable decision must be taken after conducting proper research. There is no point in choosing the most colorful ones or costly ones since they don’t solve your purpose. However, choosing the right blinds plays a major role in enhancing the aesthetic appeal and functionality of your home. So, when you go shopping for blinds, here are some things to remember.

    Research and research
    This is the first thing you must do. It does not matter whether you want to purchase vinyl blinds or any other type, you must be prepared to conduct proper research. Since internet offers information about any product, conducting research is no longer a difficult task.

    Learn about different types of blinds
    It is imperative that you are aware of the different types of blinds. If you do not know what a PVC vertical blind is, this might hinder your process of choosing the right one. That is why you need to have a proper understanding of the different types of blinds. Making efforts to learn about blinds is critical. There are roller blinds, roman blinds, and Venetian blinds. Also, different materials such as plastic, metal, wood, PVC, and aluminum are used to make blinds. One needs to collect details about the various types of blinds.

    Define your needs clearly
     You must be aware of the overall ambiance of your home and the dcor, furniture and space should be analyzed before you start picking blinds. The products that you choose must go well with the dcor of your home. You can seek the help of experts to know which type of blind goes in complete harmony with your living room, bedroom, bathroom and other rooms as well. It helps you decide whether you want vertical blinds, horizontal blinds, roller blinds or something else.

    Consider the price
    There are a lot of offline as well online sellers, and price structure differs with each seller. You must compare the prices of different products at different stores. It can be done easily by visiting the websites of leading stores. You can find price comparison sites and they give you a better picture of the price structure of various stores.

    When you give adequate importance to all these important aspects, you can choose the right blinds for your home that is cost-effective, enjoyable and result oriented as well.