• Tips to prevent infections in hospitals

    Did you know, almost five to 10 percent of patients get infections in the hospitals? Now, there can be various reasons why you might need to visit a hospital. You might get admitted to a hospital for a few days, see someone for a few minutes or work as a nurse. Whatever the timeframe, you should always be careful that you don’t fall into the trap of hospital acquired infection (HAI) also known as nosocomial infection. Here’s more.

    Cause of HAI: As per the statistics, the causes can be the different types of microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi that are found commonly in a hospital setting. It can be caused due to direct contact between an infected caregiver and patient or between two patients. The culprits could also be the contaminated equipment, bed linens, or air droplets of the hospital. The contaminated items, such as food, water, medications, devices, etc. serve as a natural transmission vehicle for the microorganisms. Once you understand the causes of the infections in hospitals, it becomes simpler to avoid them with the following method.

    Wash your hands: This is perhaps the most efficient way to keep infection at bay. After your hospital visit, make sure that you disinfectant your hands with a hand wash/soap or a sanitizer. Using disposable gloves or sterile gloves in place of clean gloves can be useful as well.

    Wear masks, gowns or white coats: Proper use of surgical masks and gowns by the healthcare providers is essential in curbing the transmission of microorganisms. Coats and plastic aprons used by the doctors serve a similar purpose. A lot of machines have radiation, and many a time, people need to check for dressing codes to keep oneself safe from infections.

    Medical equipment safety protocols: Commonly used medical equipment come with different health protocols. For example, the stethoscope must be cleaned with an alcohol swab daily. Also, thorough disinfection of skin must be done before insertion of an intravenous catheter.

    As they rightly say, prevention is better than cure. So, go ahead, follow these methods to prevent infection in hospitals, and keep your family safe and free from any harmful form of contamination.

  • Ways to prevent liver damage caused by Hepatitis C

    Liver damage begins to occur when Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects the liver. Although liver damage signs cannot be noticed in the early stages of the infection, scar tissue can be observed when collagen starts forming on the liver. This build-up is stimulated by the immune system to counteract the disease and repair any damage caused to the liver.

    When does liver damage actually occur?
    Over time, the scar tissue takes over much of the liver, and this stage is called fibrosis. The build-up prevents blood from flowing into liver cells, thereby damaging the liver severely. This stage is called cirrhosis or liver failure.

    Risk of hepatitis C

    • Drug addicts who resort to the use of injectable recreational drugs are at high risk of contracting and spreading the Hepatitis C virus.
    • Getting a tattoo with used needles can put you at risk of getting infected.
    • People with HIV, healthcare workers, people who underwent organ transplant or people who received blood before 1987 are at risk of HCV.

    Prevention of Hepatitis C

    Even today, no vaccine can treat or recover liver damage signs found in advanced stages of Hepatitis C. The only way to prevent such a life-threatening infection is by not allowing someone else’s blood to come in contact with your own bloodstream. Some common practices to follow are:

    • Never share needles and make sure you safely dispose of used needles.
    • Do not share your personal grooming items such as the razor, toothbrush or nail clipper with anyone and most certainly not someone with HCV.
    • On your visit to a healthcare professional, make sure he/she wears a fresh pair of gloves before examining you.
    • In the case of multiple sexual partners, it is advisable to use a condom.
    • If you are about to get a haircut or a shave in a salon, ensure that the barber uses sterilized scissors and sealed razor blades.

    The practices mentioned above are the most practical ways to prevent Hepatitis C and liver damage signs. Since treatment is only possible with prescribed medication for earlier stages, make sure you visit a doctor immediately, if you feel you have come in contact with the Hepatitis C virus.

  • Dangers of high blood pressure

    The specific cause of high blood pressure is unknown, but still, some factors lead to high blood pressure and these are:

    • Smoking and alcohol intake
    • Family history
    • Overweight or obesity
    • High salt intake
    • Stress and age

    High blood pressure can lead to the below mentioned health risks:

    Damage to the arteries
    High blood pressure affects the flow of blood in the legs. It can build plaque in your body, which starts with pain, cramping, aching, and numbness. It can also damage the cells of your arteries, after which high blood pressure treatment becomes a must.

    Kidney disease
    High blood pressure can narrow the blood vessels in the kidney, which results in kidney failure.

    Brain damage
    High blood pressure can interfere with the supply of blood in the brain or can start blood clotting. Uncontrolled blood pressure often damages and weakens your brains blood vessels and leads to stroke. Therefore, referring to high blood pressure charts once in a while is advisable so that you are aware of your pressure levels and its associated risks if any.

    Vision loss
    High blood pressure can injure blood vessels in the eyes and may lead to vision loss.

    One can easily measure his or her blood pressure with the help of high blood pressure charts. Below is one such chart that will help you determine what your blood pressure indicates.

    Low blood pressure(Hypertension)
    Systolic – 50-90
    Diastolic – 35-60

    Systolic – Less than 120
    Diastolic – Less than 80

    High Normal(pre-hypertension)
    Systolic – 120-139
    Diastolic – 80-89

    Systolic is the highest pressure when the heart beats and pushes the blood in the different parts of the body. Whereas, diastolic is the lowest pressure when the heart relaxes. High blood pressure charts are a good way to track the pressure readings and keep them in check.

  • How to find the top retailers of hearing aids

    There are a number of retailers of hearing aids these days, and it can be difficult to decide where to purchase from. If you explore the market and compare hearing aid prices, you will find only a slight difference in the pricing among retailers. But purchasing a hearing aid is a significant investment and hence requires some points to be kept in mind.

    Consider the following points for ascertaining the top retailers of hearing aids.

    Support section
    Check whether the retailer has a support section or not. Support section can always help you out with suggesting the best hearing aid machine matching your needs and try to offer budget-friendly ones. They always solve your concern regarding pricing, hearing aid types, machine related problems, and others. Most of the top retailers have this section, as they know customer satisfaction is the prime concern for any entity.

    Warranty and after sale service
    Top retailers ensure that warranty is mandatorily given with every machine. Warranty should also comprise of both local and international warranty. Apart from the warranty, top retailers usually provide good after sale service. They make sure the hearing aid prices that their customers had to pay are worth every penny spent. They will always be ready to help you out with any problem being faced with the machine and repair damages caused by the device if any.

    Technology being used
    Some retailers also conduct an online hearing test for prospective customers and suggest them the best available hearing aid for them. Such practices are usually not followed by local retailers. Top retailers also make sure that hearing aid prices are not too high and can often offer you various split payment options or also offer you some discounts in some cases.

    Product support
    Top retailers offer product support to deliver effective hearing solutions to its customers. If you are having or any problem using the machine or if some accessory is needed for its support, everything will be looked after by the product support team.

    So make sure to consider other factors as well besides hearing aid prices, to land up with the best deal.

  • 4 different types of mesothelioma you should be familiar with

    Mesothelioma is categorized on the basis of the part of the body where it develops. As such, there are four types of mesothelioma: pleural (lungs), peritoneal (abdomen), pericardial (heart) and testicular (testes).

    Here they are described in more detail.

    • Pleural mesothelioma: When mesothelioma develops in the linings of the lungs or pleura, it is called pleural mesothelioma. It is the most common type of mesothelioma and accounts for 75% of the new cases. Pleural mesothelioma is hard to diagnose. The symptoms in its early stage are unclear, but when it reaches the later stages (3 or 4), the condition deteriorates drastically. Hence, even after diagnosis, a prognosis is rarely successful.
    • Peritoneal mesothelioma: This originates in the lining of the abdomen. It tends to spread to the abdominal organs like liver, spleen and the bowel. The most common symptom of this type of mesothelioma is severe abdominal pain and discomfort due to fluid build-up in that region. Prognosis of peritoneal mesothelioma is poor, but it has significantly developed in the recent years. However, chances of surviving this condition depend on the condition of the patient.
    • Pericardial mesothelioma: Pericardial mesothelioma develops in the lining of the ear cavity known as pericardium. It is a sporadic form of mesothelioma and accounts for only 1% of the reported cases. The most common symptoms are similar to that of a heart attack, so there are high chances of a misdiagnosis.
    • Testicular mesothelioma: It occurs in the lining of the testes known as tunica vaginalis. It is the rarest form; only 100 such cases have been reported around the world in the medical history. Since it is such a rare disease, very few people know about its symptoms, diagnosis, and prognosis.

    Mesothelioma symptoms are similar to other diseases. So there are chances that it may be misdiagnosed. Consult your doctor always if you feel any discomfort in any of the areas mentioned above.

  • Treatment plans and medications for depression

    Treatment plans and medications for depression
    According to the World Health Organization, the estimated number of people around the world affected by depression are around 350 million. It is the most common illness worldwide and is a leading cause of disability. WHO states that it is a common mental disorder that is characterized by persistent sadness and a loss of interest in activities that a person usually enjoys, accompanied by an inability to carry out daily activities for at least two full weeks.

    What causes depression?
    While the cause of depression is not fully understood, it is likely to be a complex combination of genetic, environmental, and biological and psychosocial factors. Also, while depression can affect people of all ages from all walks of life, poverty, unemployment, life events like the death of a loved one or a relationship break-up, physical illness, and problems caused by alcohol and drug use are likely to increase the risk.

    The symptoms involve losing interest in doing things that one would usually enjoy, change in appetite and sleep patterns, and feeling sad for at least 2 weeks.

    Approaches to treat depression
    If the symptoms persist for more than two weeks, patients are advised to get professional help from a therapist who can evaluate the symptoms and recommend the right approach for treatment. It is a condition that can be treated by therapy, medication, or both, and the treatment approaches vary depending on the type of depression. Here are some psychotherapy approaches to know about:

    • Interpersonal therapy (IPT)
      This approach focuses on the past and present social roles and interpersonal interactions of the patient and attempts to help them find better ways to deal with their current problems.
    • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
      It focuses on helping patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behavior. Additionally, this approach helps patients identify and change destructive or disturbing thought patterns that affect them negatively.
    • Problem solving therapy
      This approach helps patients address problem orientation, define their problems, brainstorm and evaluate solutions, and then take action. It focuses on helping patients cope with difficulties and proactively seek solutions and implement them.

    Apart from psychotherapy, patients might need medication to help them recover from this disorder. Here are some of the common medications to know more about:

    • Aplenzin
      Used to treat depression, it is also taken to prevent seasonal affective disorder, which is a type of depression that occurs each year at the same time, like during winters. It improves mood and feelings of well-being, and it may also work to restore the balance of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain.
    • Abilify Mycite
      This is a combination of aripiprazole and a patch. Aripiprazole may be used in combination with other medicines to treat depression, and it is also known as an antipsychotic drug that helps restore the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain.
    • Emsam
      It is a medication used as a patch on the skin. Its common name is selegiline, which is an antidepressant, monoamine oxidase inhibitor, that treats depression by restoring the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain.
    • Rexulti
      Its common name is brexpiprazole, and it belongs to the atypical antipsychotic class of medicines. This medication helps improve mood, sleep, energy levels, and appetite.
    • Spravato
      Its common name is esketamine, which is an antidepressant, and this medicine improves mood and restores interest in living.
    • Marplan
      Its common name is isocarboxazid, and it is an antidepressant. It restores the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain and helps improve mood and feelings of well-being.

    These medications should be taken only with a prescription, so it is important to consult a professional psychiatrist to diagnose the condition and prescribe medication accordingly. Remember that help is always available, and you are not alone. Reach out.

  • Bacterial meningitis symptoms, causes, and treatment

    Bacterial meningitis is a life-threatening illness that is prevalent worldwide. The mortality rate of untreated disease approaches 100 percent, and, even with optimal therapy, there is a high failure rate.

    The epidemiology of the disease has changed over the last 20 years, primarily as a result of the introduction of conjugate vaccines against the common meningeal pathogens, such that in parts of the world where vaccination is routinely utilized, bacterial meningitis has become a disease of adults rather than of infants and children. Listed below are some of the common causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments of bacterial meningitis.

    Bacterial causes of meningitis
    Several factors can become the causes of meningitis. The most common pathogens include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Group B Streptococcus, Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae and Listeria monocytogenes

    Clinical signs and bacterial meningitis symptoms
    The possible presence of the disorder is suggested by the bacterial meningitis symptoms of fever, altered mental status, headache, and nuchal rigidity. Despite fever being the primary symptom, there is no significant signs of inflammation, fever, headache, or even neck stiffness. Instead, the infant may be irritable, vomit, feed poorly, appear to be slow or inactive, and a bulging fontanelle or abnormal reflexes may be present. Bacterial meningitis symptoms appear immediately or within a few days. Symptoms are likely to develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure.

    Advanced symptoms of bacterial meningitis can be severe. These include fever, altered consciousness, bacteremia, seizure, brain abscess, hydrocephalus, septic shock, liver abscess, multiple septic abscesses, diabetic ketoacidosis, cerebral infarction, infections endocarditis.

    Diagnosis includes a thorough physical examination, looking for signs and symptoms, analysis of spinal fluid, blood and urine as well as mucous testing from nose and throat.

    The widely accepted empiric antibiotic treatment for bacterial meningitis includes cephalosporin like cefotaxime sodium. If listerial meningitis cannot be ruled, ceftriaxone sodium with ampicillin is used. In patients with an apparent meningococcal disease, penicillin is the drug of choice. Current guidelines recommend supportive therapy to treat associated clinical manifestations. Corticosteroids reduce neurologic deficits in children with H influenzae meningitis, whereas their beneficial effect in adults remains to be proved. The Intracranial pressure when there is intracranial hypertension can be reduced by the use of glycerol or mannitol. The need for full fluid replacement and maintenance is rightfully emphasized.

  • How to take care of your kitchen cabinet?

    Have you recently installed new kitchen cabinets? Wondering how to take care of them? If yes, then don’t worry, here are a few suggestions which will help in prolonging the life of your new kitchen cabinets.

    • Gentle cleaning
      You can use a cotton cloth dampened with warm water and wipe the cabinet clean. If it is lacking, use a fresh solution of mild hand dishwashing liquid mixed with warm water. After cleaning, wipe all surfaces with a dry cloth. Do not leave the moisture, or else it might damage the wooden cabinet. Refrain from using harsh detergents, soaps, and rough cleaning products such as scouring powder, tub and sink cleansers, steel wool, scouring pads, or self-polishing waxes. They can damage the surfaces and cause scratches.
    • Clean it immediately
      Wipe any spill from oil or food quickly. It can ruin the color or the finish if the spill is left unattended for a long time.
    • Be careful with glass doors
      Many the cabinet variants have glass doors. Use proper ammonia-free glass cleaner with a soft cloth to clean the glass. Avoid rubbing the glass surface with abrasive fabrics or concentrated cleansing agents.
    • Take care of wooden cabinets
      Usually, cabinet doors are covered by a layer, bonded to lesser-quality woods or medium-density fiberboard, rather than solid wood. No matter what, do not apply oil to sealed or painted wood cabinets. This because oil can attract dust and grime on such layers.
    • Prevent excessive exposure to sunlight
      If your cabinet is exposed to sunlight for a long time, there are chances of discoloration and damage very quickly. Try to place the cabinet away from direct exposure to sunlight to minimize its impact. You can also use UV inhibitors on your kitchen cabinets for preserving them.
    • Polish
      It is suggested that you polish the cabinets once or twice in a year. You can apply a light coat of high quality, wax-based furniture polish on the cabinets. It improves the appearance and adds years to the life of kitchen cabinets.

    Hopefully, above listed suggestions would help you protecting your kitchen cabinet for a long time.

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  • All you need to know about small business liability insurance

    Are you an innovate and proud proprietor of a small business? Do you own a vegan restaurant or a hip cafe dedicated to a legendary musician or band? Do you show off your culinary expertise in a traveling restaurant, share your passion with a vintage sports store, or service people with a boutique hotel? No matter what business you manage, as an owner, make sure you possess a business liability insurance policy. It lets you run your business smoothly, even when you are faced with the unlikely event of a lawsuit from someone who has been affected in some way by your business activities.

    A liability insurance, taken up for a small premium, will be handy when you least expect it. It keeps the business going without a hitch and is a necessary expense that must be budgeted and paid for. Depending on the nature of your business venture, whether you own or rent your office or factory space, and plenty of other important factors like its reach and its risky nature, the premium charged for a liability insurance would vary. An attractive perk is that most liability insurances are affordable, they cost must less than what a claim could cost your company.

    Injury, damages, lawsuits, investigations and settlements, patents and trademark infringements, medical expenses, are all covered by a general liability insurance policy. Other charges and compensations do not fall under the purview of this type of insurance. Make sure you read your insurance policy copy, including all the fine print, thoroughly.

    There is a lot at stake because accidents are bound to happen anywhere. And whether it is employees or the public at risk, it is your company that has to be safeguarded against lawsuits. If your business means something to you, a liability insurance is what you will be thinking about when you finish reading this sentence.

    It is time to find a professional insurance agent who you are comfortable with and who has the proper knowledge to guide you regarding your business liability insurance needs, with your interest in mind.

  • Advantages of purchasing snow blowers and plows for sale

    With the winter months coming closer, many people have started to roll up their sleeves for cleaning their garages and yards. Home cleaning is not just necessary for keeping your house clean during the festive months, well-kept gardens and yards also help you clearing the snows easily. Yes, winter and snow are inseparable. Therefore, it is always better to get your preparations well in advance. A snow blower is one of the major necessities of the winter months, and to save some bucks; you can buy a snow blower for sale in any store near you.

    Purchasing cheap snow plows and snow blowers on sale is a good choice. However, if you are in doubts, you can check the following points.

    Saves your money – By looking out for “snow plows for sale near me” online, you can save a significant sum of money on your purchase without compromising the quality of the product. Cheap snow plows, which are available on sale, offers the same features as a new one. The difference is only in their manufacturing date. Items available at a lower price are older compared to the new one. However, you need to make your purchase carefully to avoid broken items. If you are shopping sale items online, you need to ensure that the store has a transparent return or exchange policy in case of faulty products.

    Get access to multiple brands – When you search for snow plows for sale near me, you need to inquire about the brands available. Most of the discount sales on these items offer plows from the different leading manufacturer. Thus, you can easily get the brand of your choice. However, if you cannot find the brand or the models of your choice in a sale that you have visited, you need to search a bit extensively for the stores offering the item of your choice. Purchasing cheap snow plows never mean you will have to compromise on your preference.

    Free shipping – Searching snow plows for sale near me often allow you to get the benefits of free shipping, as the stores want to clear their space for the new items. By availing free shipping offers, you can save your money as well as the hassles of getting it transported to your home.

    When you need to find snow plows for sale near me, you can also consider online stores. There are many web-based stores, which offer discounts and deals on a snow blower. You can check them out as well. Whether you are looking for a snow blower for sale online or from a brick and mortar store, you should verify its authenticity before placing your order.

    Getting lured by low snow blower and snow plow prices can make you compromise with your needs. You may also get duped by fraudulent stores. So, make decisions intelligently.

  • How to start a home-based business?

    Any successful entrepreneur who established themselves well today were once running a small-scale business or a home-based business. This is nothing to be ashamed of because you will have a story to narrate about your experiences which give life to the status you have achieved. Starting up a home-based business is really easy, of course, investment is one major issue if you are the single investor. It demands a lot of will power to even think of starting a business. Here are few guidelines to help you get started with your home-based business.

    Select a business of your choice: The first step will be to do a research on identifying your field of interest. Then the next thing will be having a discussion with your family and friends in analyzing the pros and cons of starting up a home-based business of your choice.

    Get organized: Getting organized is a key to start your new business. You get so many perspectives and comments from different people you meet, but they might fail or succeed when you follow through with them. Without organizing and planning it will be difficult to make the next move.

    Choose your target audience: Audience is the major factor of the development of your business. The total profit or loss depends on your target audience and their reviews on your product. So, choose the right target audience as in like if you are selling a product meant for children then you need to think and improvise the product to meet the satisfaction of the child or if you are targeting other companies then you need to keep up to the market standards and prove how you outstand them.

    Allocate space: Now you have to look for an area or space to start up your new business. If your home is located in a right place to market your product, or you don’t need any heavy equipment to work with but a few laptops, printers and a fax machine, go right ahead and turn part of your home into an office. If not, you need to figure out the logistics of renting out a place to run your business.

    Decide on investment: In an ideal world, you can take up self-funding for your own business but that’s not how it works in real life. You can borrow money from the government or private banks, from friends and family and make them also one of the partners of your business. If you find some issues with funding, then you can start the business in small and then go back to the bank or investors asking for more to support its growth.

    Hiring Employees: Entrepreneurs preparing to hire employees should deal with caution. It is important to analyze the background of the employees. It might cost you dearly to commit salary and benefits at the beginning. So, have an idea of the process of the business and then hire accordingly.